Home forums Streamlining WordPress Development with Bedrock and DDEV: The Condensed Verison

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      Finder Press
      Keymaster

      If you’re a WordPress developer looking to modernize your project management and development workflow, integrating Bedrock with DDEV provides a structured, efficient approach. This tutorial will guide you through the initial setup steps, ensuring your development mirrors production settings closely, thus eliminating the common “it works on my machine” syndrome.

      This is a guide for WordPress developers on integrating Bedrock with DDEV to create a modern, efficient project management and development workflow. It covers the initial setup steps, from installing Docker to configuring DDEV, and explains how to create a WordPress project directory, clone Bedrock, and properly structure files within the web/ directory to ensure security and organization. The following steps also walk through accessing the Docker container via ddev ssh, managing project dependencies, and setting environment variables. It also details how to start the DDEV environment, access the project via DDEV’s assigned URL, and utilize tools like Git and Composer, ensuring a consistent development process that mirrors production settings and avoids common discrepancies that could arise during deployment.

      DDEV is a tool for local develpment that relies on Docker to create isolated development environments. Begin by installing Docker on your machine. Download Docker Desktop for Windows or macOS from Docker’s official website. Linux users can install Docker using their package manager. For example, on Ubuntu, you would use: sudo apt install docker.io or use the convenience script that Docker provides. Windows and macOS users are encoraged to use Docker Desktop, because it provides a lot of side tools to use along with Docker core and it is easy to set up.

      For a detailed walkthrough of the installation process tailored for various operating systems, including step-by-step instructions and troubleshooting tips, be sure to visit the comprehensive version of this article. Whether you’re using Windows, macOS, or a Linux distribution, you’ll find specific guidance that ensures a smooth setup and integration of Docker with your development environment.

      After installing Docker, install DDEV. It can be installed via Homebrew on macOS with brew install drud/ddev/ddev or Chocolatey on Windows with choco install ddev. Linux users can follow similar steps using their package manager.

      Create a directory for your WordPress project. Open a terminal or command prompt and run:

      “`
      mkdir my-wordpress-project
      cd my-wordpress-project
      ddev config –project-type=php –docroot=web –create-docroot
      “`

      This command sets up a basic configuration. In this setup, specifying the ‘web’ directory as the document root for your WordPress project when configuring Bedrock with DDEV aligns with the 12-factor app methodology, which Bedrock adheres to. This methodology advocates for strict separation of code from content. It prevents direct access to non-public files such as your application logic and sensitive configuration files, including the .env file and various PHP scripts. The web directory is where Bedrock expects the document root to be by design, ensuring that only the necessary assets are exposed to the public internet.

      Note that while this guide provides a basic setup to get your WordPress environment operational with Bedrock and DDEV, both tools offer additional configuration options for a more tailored development environment. These options include handling multiple environments, advanced caching strategies, and integrating additional services like Redis or Elasticsearch. For developers looking to optimize and scale their WordPress projects effectively, these advanced configurations are thoroughly explored in the full article, offering deeper insights and robust tools for effective project management.

      Run:
      “`
      ddev ssh
      “`

      he command `ddev ssh` allows developers looking to access the command line interface of the Docker container where their WordPress project resides, thanks to DDEV’s intervention. By using this command, you effectively “jump into” the container, a process akin to logging into a remote server, but you actually aren’t leaving your physical machine. This shift from your local machine to the isolated environment of the container ensures that all operations performed are in a controlled, consistent setting that mirrors your intended production environment.

      Within this container, you have the opportunity to execute commands and manage project files with the same settings and tools that will be used in production. This helps avoid discrepancies between development and deployment stages, commonly known as the “it works on my machine” problem. Developers can manage dependencies, run build scripts, and interact directly with the WordPress setup as if they were on the live server, but without affecting the live site.

      For those new to container-based development, or if you need clarification on the concepts of “jumping into the container” or “running things inside the container,” the full article on Metodian provides a detailed exploration. It covers how to leverage DDEV’s powerful container management for WordPress development, ensuring a smooth workflow from development to production.

      “`
      git clone https://github.com/roots/bedrock.git .
      “`

      When you run git clone https://github.com/roots/bedrock.git ., Bedrock’s files and directories are copied into the current directory, which is your project root. However, Bedrock needs to be configured to work within the `web/` directory to align with the DDEV and WordPress best practices for security and structure. This directory serves as the public root, housing only the files that should be accessible via a web browser and separating them from application logic and sensitive configuration files.

      To correct the structure, you need to move the Bedrock files into the web/ directory after cloning. This involves copying files and ensuring the directory paths are set correctly without disrupting the essential .env configuration paths that Bedrock relies on. Execute the following commands to move the contents properly:

      “`
      mkdir web # Ensure the web directory exists
      cp -a ./* ./web/ # Copy all files to the web directory
      cp -a ./.??* ./web/ # Don’t forget to include hidden files
      “`

      This operation ensures that your web server points to the correct document root (`web/`), which improves security by limiting access to non-public files and maintains the clean organizational structure that Bedrock recommends.

      To configure environment (need help understanding this?), copy the .env.example file to .env and configure your environment variables:

      “`
      cp .env.example .env
      “`

      Edit `.env` with any text editor to set database credentials and URLs, which will align with DDEV’s default settings (DB name, user, and password are typically ‘db’ when working with DDEV).

      With your configuration in place, start your DDEV environment:

      “`
      ddev start
      “`

      This command launches the Docker containers specified in your .ddev/config.yaml`.

      Once DDEV starts, it will provide URLs to access your project. Typically, this looks like http://my-wordpress-project.ddev.site. Open this URL in a browser to access your WordPress installation, or use `ddev describe` from the commandline within your project directory to be reminded about what your URL is and other useful information.

      Open your project URL in a browser. Follow the standard WordPress installation process through the web interface to set up your site. Within the DDEV environment, you have access to tools like Git and Composer. These tools ensure consistency across development stages by being integrated directly into your containerized environment.

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